Plant secondary metabolites is an adaptation of plants to circumstances, and its result of plant interacting with biotic factor and abiotic factor in the permanent evolution.
All these results suggest that the JERF3might involved in two separate signal transduction pathways under abiotic and biotic stress as a positive trans_acting factor.
In addition, in the ESTs obtained, there are many ESTs for abiotic stress-induced proteins, such as drought induced protein, low-temperature induced protein, cold induced protein, heat shock protein, and dehydration induced protein.
Isolation of an Arabidopsis Gene Encoding Ins (1,3,4) P_5/6-Kinase-like Protein and Involved in Plant Response to Abiotic Stresses
Drought-stress, salt-stress, cold-stress strongly influence on plants among all abiotic stresses.
From our study, we verified that plants did not response to biotic and abiotic stress independently.
Humans are an extreme example of increasing dependence on life rather than the abiotic.
Oxidative stress is the common mechanism by which abiotic stresses affect plant growth and development.
Low temperature is one of abiotic intimidation limiting the growth and distribution of plant.
In plant cells, actin cytoskeleton plays important roles in response to biotic and abiotic stresses.